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North American T-6C, LT-6G,T-6G,T6 Mk.II, “Texan”&“Harvard”

T-6 “Texan” ileri eğitim uçağı havacılık tarihinde en çok kullanılan uçaklardan biridir. BC-1 temel eğitim uçağından geliştirilen ve 1937’de ilk siparişi verilen uçaktan 1938-1945 arasında 15,495 adet üretilmiştir. Bu uçaklardan 10,057’si, USAAC/USAAF tarafından alınmış, diğerleri SNJ kodu ile ABD donanmasında ve 30’dan fazla müttefik ülkede kullanılmıştır. 1938’den itibaren RAF bu uçaklara büyük ilgi duymuş ve yüksek miktarlarda talepte bulunmuştur. T-6’lar lisans altında Kanada Noorduyn firması tarafından da üretilmiştir. Kanada’da lisans altında üretilenlerle RAF için üretilenler “Harvard” olarak adlandırılmıştır. Birçok USAAF pilotu okullarından mezun olmadan önce T-6’larda eğitim görmüş, Britanya Savaşı’nda görev alıp “Spitfire” ve “Hurricane”leri kullanan pilotlar ise T-6’nın İngiliz versiyonu olan “Harvard”larda eğitilmiştir.

Türkiye’ye MAP (Askeri Yardım Programı) kapsamında 1948-1958 arası değişik modellerde toplam 196 adet T-6 gelmiştir. İlk gelenler 2 Ağustos 1948’de gelen 100 adet T-6C’dir. Bunu 1955’de Norveç Hava Kuvvetleri’nden gönderilmiş, 17 adet Harvard IIB, 5 adet Harvard, 2 adet SNJ-3 ve 2 adet SNJ-4’ten meydana gelmiş toplam 26 uçaklık grup takip etti. 19 adet LT-6G ve 11 adet T-6G’den meydana gelen üçüncü grup ise Eylül-Ekim 1957 arası USAF’dan geldi. Son olarak ta 1958’de  RCAF(Kanada)dan 40 adet Harvard Mk.II geldi. T-6’lar 1948-51 arası Hava Okulu 3. ve 4. Bölük’lerde ve Av Eğitim Okulu’nda kullanılmıştır. 1951 yılında yeni kurulan Hava Harp Okulu’na transfer edilmişlerdir. 1951-56 arası burada kullanılan uçaklar İzmir Gaziemir’deki Uçuş Okulu’na verilmişlerdir. 1974 yılında uzun ve başarılı görevlerini T-34, T-41 ve T-37’lere devrederek emekliye ayrılmışlardır.

T-6 “Texan”s are one of the most widely used trainers in the history of aviation. Its design was based on BC-1 basic trainer and the first order was received in 1937. In between 1938-1945 15,495 T-6 were produced.  10,057 of these planes were procured by the USAAC/USAAF and the remainder were deployed at the USN with the “SNJ” code and at 30 ally countries. The RAF was very interested in T-6s and they demanded great numbers. They were also produced under licence in Canada by Noorduyn.Those produced for the RAF and under licence in Canada were named “Harvard”s. Many USAAF pilots flew the T-6s before graduation and the pilots who participated the Battle of Britain and flew the Spitfires and the Hurricanes were trained on the British version “Harvard”s.

In between 1948 and 1958 Turkey received a total of 196 T-6s within the MAP program. The first group composed of 100 T-6Cs arrived by ship on Aug.2nd 1948. In 1955 a total of 26 planes composed of 17 pcs Harvard IIB, 5 pcs Harvard II, 2 pcs SNJ-3 and 2 pcs SNJ-4 from the Norvegian Air Force were received. A third batch of 19 pcs LT-6Gs and 11 pcs T-6Gs from USAF arrived within September and October 1957.  The last batch composed of 40 Harvard Mk.IIs were received from the RCAF. The T-6s were deployed at the Flying School and at the Figther Training School in between 1948 and 1951. In 1951 they were transferred to the newly founded Air Force Academy and they were deployed there until 1956 which were then transferred to the Flying School located at Gaziemir-İzmir. In 1974 their long and successful life within TuAF came to an end and they were replaced by the T-34s, T-41s and T-37s.

Özellikleri/specifications:

Mürettebat/crew: 2, motor/engine: 1 x Pratt & Whitney R-1340 radyal motor/radial engine, gücü/power:558HP  kanat açıklığı/ wingspan: 12.81m, uzunluk/length: 8.99m, yükseklik/height: 3.58m, azami hızı: 330 km/h, tavan/ceiling: 6550m, menzil/range:1200km, silah donanımı/armament: yok/none

T-6C (100 pcs)

THKv seri No

TuAF serials

Fabrika No

Factory serials

Geliş Tarihi

Date of arrival

 

THKv seri No

TuAF serials

Fabrika No

Factory serials

Geliş Tarihi

Date of arrival

7251

42-3893

02.08.1948

 

7301

41-33001

02.08.1948

7252

42-3894

02.08.1948

 

7302

41-33037

02.08.1948

7253

42-3904

02.08.1948

 

7303

42-43869

02.08.1948

7254

42-3907

02.08.1948

 

7304

42-43874

02.08.1948

7255

42-3929

02.08.1948

 

7305

42-43988

02.08.1948

7256

42-3946

02.08.1948

 

7306

42-44011

02.08.1948

7257

42-3998

02.08.1948

 

7307

42-44020

02.08.1948

7258

42-4009

02.08.1948

 

7308

42-44035

02.08.1948

7259

42-4011

02.08.1948

 

7309

42-44036

02.08.1948

7260

42-4013

02.08.1948

 

7310

42-44063

02.08.1948

7261

42-4100

02.08.1948

 

7311

42-44064

02.08.1948

7262

42-4110

02.08.1948

 

7312

42-44079

02.08.1948

7263

42-4061

02.08.1948

 

7313

42-44117

02.08.1948

7264

42-4079

02.08.1948

 

7314

42-44118

02.08.1948

7265

42-4081

02.08.1948

 

7315

42-44124

02.08.1948

7266

42-4088

02.08.1948

 

7316

42-44177

02.08.1948

7267

42-4095

02.08.1948

 

7317

42-44178

02.08.1948

7268

42-4128

02.08.1948

 

7318

42-44179

02.08.1948

7269

42-4152

02.08.1948

 

7319

42-44237

02.08.1948

7270

42-4153

02.08.1948

 

7320

42-44246

02.08.1948

7271

42-4165

02.08.1948

 

7321

42-44284

02.08.1948

7272

42-4169

02.08.1948

 

7322

42-44291

02.08.1948

7273

42-4189

02.08.1948

 

7323

42-44327

02.08.1948

7274

42-4190

02.08.1948

 

7324

42-44323

02.08.1948

7275

42-4194

02.08.1948

 

7325

42-44330

02.08.1948

7276

42-4198

02.08.1948

 

7326

42-44399

02.08.1948

7277

42-4215

02.08.1948

 

7327

42-44403

02.08.1948

7278

42-4243

02.08.1948

 

7328

42-48411

02.08.1948

7279

41-32073

02.08.1948

 

7329

42-48780

02.08.1948

7280

41-32093

02.08.1948

 

7330

42-48783

02.08.1948

7281

41-32115

02.08.1948

 

7331

42-48793

02.08.1948

7282

41-32117

02.08.1948

 

7332

42-48875

02.08.1948

7283

41-32118

02.08.1948

 

7333

42-44797

02.08.1948

7284

41-32141

02.08.1948

 

7334

42-48822

02.08.1948

7285

41-32143

02.08.1948

 

7335

42-48812

02.08.1948

7286

41-32144

02.08.1948

 

7336

42-48829

02.08.1948

7287

41-32147

02.08.1948

 

7337

42-48856

02.08.1948

7288

41-32148

02.08.1948

 

7338

42-48810

02.08.1948

7289

41-32180

02.08.1948

 

7339

42-48878

02.08.1948

7290

41-32183

02.08.1948

 

7340

42-48890

02.08.1948

7291

41-32187

02.08.1948

 

7341

42-48898

02.08.1948

7292

41-32190

02.08.1948

 

7342

42-48899

02.08.1948

7293

41-32201

02.08.1948

 

7343

42-48911

02.08.1948

7294

41-32202

02.08.1948

 

7344

42-48927

02.08.1948

7295

41-32217

02.08.1948

 

7345

42-48931

02.08.1948

7296

41-32420

02.08.1948

 

7346

42-48845

02.08.1948

7297

41-32699

02.08.1948

 

7347

42-48986

02.08.1948

7298

41-32740

02.08.1948

 

7348

42-48965

02.08.1948

7299

41-32866

02.08.1948

 

7349

42-48990

02.08.1948

7300

42-32996

02.08.1948

 

7350

42-48994

02.08.1948

Harvard IIB (17 pcs)

THKv seri No

TuAF serials

Fabrika No

Factory serials

Geliş Tarihi

Date of arrival

 

THKv seri No

TuAF serials

Fabrika No

Factory serials

Geliş Tarihi

Date of arrival

7351

43-12601

04.10.1955

 

7369

43-12904

18.09.1957

7352

43-12728

04.10.1955

 

7370

43-13050

18.09.1957

7353

43-12879

04.10.1955

 

7371

43-12647

18.09.1957

7354

43-34774

04.10.1955

 

7372

43-12748

18.09.1957

7359

43-12604

05.10.1955

 

7373

43-12962

18.09.1957

7361

43-12978

05.10.1955

 

7374

43-12993

18.09.1957

7363

43-12575

06.10.1955

 

7375

43-12613

18.09.1957

7364

43-12493

06.10.1955

 

7376

43-12806

18.09.1957

7365

43-13005

06.10.1955

 

 

 

 

Harvard II (5 pcs)

THKv seri No

TuAF serials

Fabrika No

Factory serials

Geliş Tarihi

Date of arrival

 

THKv seri No

TuAF serials

Fabrika No

Factory serials

Geliş Tarihi

Date of arrival

7355

RCAF 2861

04.10.1955

 

7366

RCAF 2606

06.10.1955

7357

RCAF 2865

04.10.1955

 

7367

RCAF 2758

06.10.1955

7361

RCAF 2598

06.10.1955

 

 

 

 

SNJ-3 (2 pcs)

THKv seri No

TuAF serials

Fabrika No

Factory serials

Geliş Tarihi

Date of arrival

 

THKv seri No

TuAF serials

Fabrika No

Factory serials

Geliş Tarihi

Date of arrival

7356

05490

04.10.1955

 

7357

06951

06.10.1955

SNJ-4 (2 pcs)

THKv seri No

TuAF serials

Fabrika No

Factory serials

Geliş Tarihi

Date of arrival

 

THKv seri No

TuAF serials

Fabrika No

Factory serials

Geliş Tarihi

Date of arrival

7362

26499

06.10.1955

 

7368

58273

06.10.1955

LT-6G (19 pcs)

THKv seri No

TuAF serials

USAAF seri

USAAF serials

Geliş Tarihi

Date of arrival

 

THKv seri No

TuAF serials

USAAF seri

USAAF serials

Geliş Tarihi

Date of arrival

7377

49-3540

07.09.1957

 

7387

49-3587

07.09.1957

7378

49-3543

07.09.1957

 

7388

49-3590

07.09.1957

7379

49-3550

07.09.1957

 

7389

49-3592

07.09.1957

7380

49-3557

07.09.1957

 

7390

49-3594

07.09.1957

7381

49-3573

07.09.1957

 

7391

49-3596

07.09.1957

7382

49-3577

07.09.1957

 

7392

49-3574

07.09.1957

7383

49-3579

07.09.1957

 

7393

49-3575

07.09.1957

7384

49-3582

07.09.1957

 

7394

49-3585

07.09.1957

7385

49-3583

07.09.1957

 

7395

49-3595

07.09.1957

7386

49-3586

07.09.1957

 

 

 

 

T-6G (11 pcs)

THKv seri No

TuAF serials

USAF seri

USAF serials

Geliş Tarihi

Date of arrival

 

THKv seri No

TuAF serials

USAF seri

USAF serials

Geliş Tarihi

Date of arrival

7396

51-14419

07.10.1957

 

7503

51-14569

07.10.1957

7397

51-14422

07.10.1957

 

7504

51-14579

07.10.1957

7398

51-14435

07.10.1957

 

7505

51-14697

07.10.1957

7399

51-14442

07.10.1957

 

7506

51-14712

07.10.1957

7501

51-14448

07.10.1957

 

7507

51-14825

07.10.1957

7502

51-14451

07.10.1957

 

 

 

 

North American Harvard Mk.II (29 pcs)

THKv seri No

TuAF serials

RCAF seri No

RCAF serials

Geliş Tarihi

Date of arrival

 

THKv seri No

TuAF serials

RCAF seri No

RCAF serials

Geliş Tarihi

Date of arrival

7508

AJ791(*)

13.01.1958

 

7523

2734

13.01.1958

7509

AJ940(*)

13.01.1958

 

7526

3779

13.01.1958

7510

AJ970(*)

13.01.1958

 

7527

3831

05.05.1958

7511

BW207(*)

13.01.1958

 

7528

AH187(*)

05.05.1958

7512

2562

13.01.1958

 

7529

BW188(*)

05.05.1958

7513

2513

13.01.1958

 

7530

AJ565(*)

05.05.1958

7514

2672

13.01.1958

 

7531

AJ848(*)

05.05.1958

7515

2834

13.01.1958

 

7532

2508

05.05.1958

7516

2901

13.01.1958

 

7533

2802

05.05.1958

7517

2930

13.01.1958

 

7534

2922

05.05.1958

7518

2953

13.01.1958

 

7535

2989

05.05.1958

7519

2965

13.01.1958

 

7536

2993

05.05.1958

7520

2990

13.01.1958

 

7539

3204

05.05.1958

7521

3021

13.01.1958

 

7547

3788

05.05.1958

7522

3179

13.01.1958

 

 

 

 

(*)RAF seri numaralıdır/(*) RAF serials

Noorduyn Mk.IIB (11 pcs)

THKv seri No

TuAF serials

RCAF seri No

RCAF serials

Geliş Tarihi

Date of arrival

 

THKv seri No

TuAF serials

RCAF seri No

RCAF serials

Geliş Tarihi

Date of arrival

7524

3260

13.01.1958

 

7542

3266

05.05.1958

7525

3278

13.01.1958

 

7543

3307

05.05.1958

7537

3038

05.05.1958

 

7544

3321

05.05.1958

7538

3127

05.05.1958

 

7545

3329

05.05.1958

7540

3235

05.05.1958

 

7546

3343

05.05.1958

7541

3244

05.05.1958

 

 

 

 

EDİTÖR : M. Haluk SEVEL

  m_h_sevel@yahoo.com

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